How to connect your batteries to make up a 24V or 48V system

6 CommentsThursday, 4 August 2016  |  Admin

How to connect your batteries to make up a 24V or 48V system

For larger systems with more than a couple of panels there are some advantages in running at a higher voltage:

  • DC cable losses are reduced
  • At higher voltage many charge controllers can run more panels

Most batteries are rated at 2V, 6V or 12V so you will need to connect them in series in order to reach the voltage you require.

Connecting batteries in series means connecting the (+) terminal of the first battery to the (-) terminal of the next battery. Each battery you connect in series increases the voltage of the battery bank.

Here are a few examples:

Two 12V batteries connected in series, the total voltage is 24V

Four 12V batteries connected in series, the total voltage is 48V

Four 6V batteries connected in series, the total voltage is 24V

What voltage should I run my system?

The voltage of your panel must be higher than the voltage of your battery bank. This is because most charge controllers are only able to step down the voltage from the panels to match the battery, and they can’t step it up.

  • Small panels (100W, 150W) are usually rated at 12V or 18V so in this case you would require a 12V battery bank.
  • Larger panels are often rated 24V or 30V (such as the 250W Ulica) and in this case you will do better with a 24V battery bank.
  • If you are installing several panels you can connect them in a string in order to achieve a higher voltage. Larger systems are best designed to run at 24V or 48V.

Advanced setup: connecting batteries in series and parallel

Suppose you have four 12V batteries but you want to put together a 24V battery bank. You could connect a pair of batteries in series, and then another pair of batteries in parallel.

Sunday, 25 December 2016  |  13:25

Am have battery 12v two 6v two and 24v want to battery 48v

Thursday, 9 November 2017  |  1:36

easiest 2 diagram iv seen to describe it but still im stuck when i need to add more batteries.
i have 21 x 12v 55Ah deep cycle batteries.
how would i configure them for a 24v using 6500AH or 48v system at 1625AH.
if u could solve these problems i have i will paypal you 20.

Thursday, 9 November 2017  |  10:46

Hi Percy,

Please can you email me your email address to and I hopefully be able to answer your question!

Best regards


Tuesday, 14 November 2017  |  15:23

I have four 12v soler sels how much valtege battary i need

Tuesday, 20 February 2018  |  12:39

what will be th kva? and A/h of a 48v system if u built it with 24 2v 770a/h batteries

Tuesday, 20 February 2018  |  13:25

You would get a battery at 48Volts with 770AH but you would normally only run these at 50% depth of discharge if being discharged on a regular basis and if lead acid so this would be 335AH
You can discharge to a lower depth and the 2 volt cells are more resilient than 12 batteries. but this would shorted the life of the battery if done on a regular basis

The KVA figure would really depend on the inverter that you have driving the AC system as these are limited to the transformer size, however the 335AH is available whether you draw this in 5 minutes or 5 hours depending on the load.